Category Archives: History

February 26, 2021

Why Did The Egyptians Stop Building Pyramids? | Immortal Egypt | Timeline (Documentary)

The professor explores one of Saqqara’s last pyramid complexes to illustrate how Ancient Egypt’s `Pyramid Age’ came to an end. A worsening climate combined with political upheaval, famine and economic difficulties to plunge the state into a dark era of civil war, with the land dividing into smaller city-states headed by ambitious small-town leaders. In an obscure tomb in Thebes, she uncovers the stories of warriors who fought in the bloody battle that would eventually lead to Egypt’s reunification, and reveals how settlers known as the `Hyksos’ tried to infiltrate the fledgling nation’s government to seize the throne.

February 20, 2021

Japan’s Largest WW2 Offensive – you never heard of… (Video)

In 1944 the Imperial Japanese Army startet the largest military operation in it’s entire existence, Operation Ichigo. Yet, very few people know about it or even heard of it. Which is just absurd considering the size of the opeartion, yet even more so, since it changed Post-War Asia in a tremendous way. In this video we will talk about the background of Operation Ichigo (“Number One”), its objectives, course and influence.

February 16, 2021

Chinese Professor: Remnants of Ancient Western Civilisations Are Fakes Created to Discredit China

The Ancient wonders of the world, such as the Egyptian pyramids and the Greek Parthenon, were faked by the West with the aim of diminishing the glory of China, claims Huang Heqing, who teaches Western art and culture at Zhejiang University.

Professor Huang Heqing stated in a university lecture that in the 19th and the 20th centuries, the West was spending huge sums of money in places such as the Mediterranean or India forging historical relics of cultural importance. He proposed that the Pyramids of Khufu and the Great Sphinx of Giza were constructed in the 19th century and made of concrete. In the lecture he claims:

 “A well-known French chemist and material scientist conducted physical and chemical analysis on the Khufu pyramid in the 1980s, and confirmed that other than a small amount of natural stone, it mostly consisted of concrete,”

The French chemist he is referring to is Joseph Davidovits, who was a materials scientist known for the invention of geopolymer chemistry. He is also attributed with the ‘limestone concrete hypothesis’, which suggests that the pyramids were not carved stone as initially thought, but mostly a form of limestone concrete that was ‘cast’ in a manner reminiscent of modern concrete. 

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February 12, 2021

The “Greek Slave” was the most famous sculpture of the 19th century in America. The inspiration was the struggle of the Greek revolutionaries and the Ottoman slave markets

The most famous American statue of the 19th century depicts a naked Greek slave. It was an innovative work of art that provoked reactions from the first moment, but in the end, it was much loved.

Hiram Powers is considered one of the greatest American sculptors of all time. Born in 1805, the American artist inscribed himself in the neoclassical school. He deeply admired Greco-Roman culture and drew inspiration from ancient sculptors. In fact, in 1837 he decided to move permanently to Florence.

At that time, the situation in post-revolutionary Greece was still turbulent and the bloody memories of the struggle were still fresh. Greek-Turkish conflicts had not ceased, while Greeks living in unredeemed territories suffered under the Turkish yoke. Powers had constantly followed the development of the Greek revolution through the news that reached his homeland. The heroic struggles of the Greeks had moved him, and this was a source of inspiration.

So close to Greek reality, in 1843 he began carving the statue that would go down in history as his most important work. The “Greek Slave” represents a naked young woman, with chains in her hands. Between her bonds she holds a small cross, while at the same time resting on a colonnade.

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January 30, 2021

Thomas Cochrane: Craziest Sea Captain in History (Video)

Kings and Generals animated historical documentary series on the historical biographies continues with a video on life and adventures of the British captain and admiral Thomas Cochrane. He took part in the Napoleonic Wars, famously winning the battle of Basque Roads, and then participated in the liberation of Chile and Peru from the Spanish rule, Brazil from the Portuguese and Greece from the Ottoman empire, which made him one of the most interesting people of the XIX century and one of the craziest captains in history.

January 17, 2021

The significance of the 1821 Revolution for Greece and the world

The Greek Revolution of the 1820s was the first liberal-national movement to succeed in the Old World of Europe – after the United States, more or less at the same time as the similar liberation movements in South America (between 1811 and 1825), and before every one of the new nation-states that would soon become the norm throughout Europe.

The ideological groundwork had been laid, mostly by thinkers writing in French and German, during the century before. Greeks didn’t invent the nation-state. But it was in Greece and by Greeks that the experiment was first put into practice in Europe. 

The French Revolution, which began in 1789, would more famously transform the political life of the continent, perhaps of the world, in the long run. But after the rise and fall of Napoleon Bonaparte, and after the Congress of Vienna had established an international order for the whole European continent in 1815, it looked very much as though the clock had been turned back to before 1789. It was the revolution in Greece, which broke out in the spring of 1821, that began to change all that. The outcome of the Greek Revolution was the pivotal point on which the whole geopolitical map of Europe tilted, away from the 18th-century model of multiethnic, autocratically ruled empires and towards the 20th-century model of the self-determination of nation-states.

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January 13, 2021

Muslim Conquest of Egypt 640 – Battles of Babylon and Heliopolis (Documentary)

Kings and Generals animated historical animated documentary series on the Early Muslim Expansion continues with the beginning of the Muslim conquest of Egypt, as the rising Rashidun Caliphate continues its attacks on the Eastern Roman Empire. This episode will culminate with the battles of Babylon and Heliopolis

December 30, 2020

Italy Will Rebuild the Colosseum’s Floor, Restoring Arena to Its Gladiator-Era Glory

Officials plan to host concerts and theater productions on the new, retractable platform

In ancient Rome, tens of thousands gathered at the Colosseum to watch enslaved men, condemned criminals and wild animals fight to the death. These grisly gladiator clashes required great feats of engineering: To make caged creatures and prize fighters emerge from underground as if by magic, the Romans devised a labyrinth of secret tunnels beneath the arena’s wooden, sand-covered floor.

These underground structures have remained exposed to the elements for more than a century, enabling the millions of tourists who visit the Colosseum each year to see them up close, according to Reuters. Now, the Italian government has pledged €10 million (around $12 million USD) toward the installation of a new, retractable floor that will restore the amphitheater to its gladiator-era glory.

“We want to give an idea of how it was, and we are seeking proposals from around the world,” Alfonsina Russo, director of the Colosseum, tells the Times’ Tom Kington.

Per BBC News, architectural designs for the ambitious renovation are due by February 1. Italian officials say they hope to complete the project by 2023.

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December 24, 2020

Invaders nearly wiped out Caribbean’s first people long before Spanish came, DNA reveals

“This was a dynamic and interconnected region of the world,” said Miguel Vilar, a University of Maryland anthropologist. The history of the Caribbean, he said, “is finally being understood through DNA in ways that archaeology alone hasn’t been able to do before.”

Spanning a million square miles and dotted with more than 700 islands, the Caribbean Sea was one of the last places colonized by Native Americans as they explored and settled North and South America. Archaeologists have long struggled to pinpoint the origins and movements of those intrepid seafarers. Now, thanks to genetic material gleaned from the bones of ancient Caribbean residents, the invisible history of this tropical archipelago is coming to light.

Among the surprising findings is that most of the Caribbean’s original inhabitants may have been wiped out by South American newcomers a thousand years before the Spanish invasion that began in 1492. Moreover, indigenous populations of islands like Puerto Rico and Hispaniola were likely far smaller at the time of the Spanish arrival than previously thought.

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December 22, 2020

A Civil War Cartoonist Created the Modern Image of Santa Claus as Union Propaganda

Thomas Nast is legendary for his political cartoons, but he’s also responsible for the jolly St. Nick we know today

You could call it the face that launched a thousand Christmas letters. Appearing on January 3, 1863, in the illustrated magazine Harper’s Weekly, two images cemented the nation’s obsession with a jolly old elf. The first drawing shows Santa distributing presents in a Union Army camp. Lest any reader question Santa’s allegiance in the Civil War, he wears a jacket patterned with stars and pants colored in stripes. In his hands, he holds a puppet toy with a rope around its neck, its features like those of Confederate president Jefferson Davis.

A second illustration features Santa in his sleigh, then going down a chimney, all in the periphery. At the center, divided into separate circles, are a woman praying on her knees and a soldier leaning against a tree. “In these two drawings, Christmas became a Union holiday and Santa a Union local deity,” writes Adam Gopnik in a 1997 issue of the New Yorker. “It gave Christmas to the North—gave to the Union cause an aura of domestic sentiment, and even sentimentality.”

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